Medieval History Term of the Week: Jupon

[joo-pon, joo-pon; Fr. zhypawn]
Etymology: 1350–1400; ME jopo(u)n < MF jupon, equiv. to OF jupe a kind of jacket + -on n. suffix

1) Tightly fitted garment worn over armour in the fourteenth century. (Prestwich, Michael. Armies and Warfare in the Middle Ages: The English Experience, 348)

2) Short leather tunic worn over chain mail. (Seward, Desmond. Henry V: The Scourge of God, 223)

3) Sleeveless, hip-length garment of leather or padded textile worn over a knight’s armour and blazoned with his coat of arms. (Wise, Terence. Medieval Warfare, 249)

*term definitions retrieved from Netserf’s Medieval Glossary (

2 thoughts on “Medieval History Term of the Week: Jupon”

  1. Thanks for the link. I wasn’t quite sure of the difference myself. Wasn’t a surcoat always made of cloth, where the jupon was often made with leather?

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