Medieval History Term of the Week: Merlon

Merlon [mur-luhn] Etymology: French, from Italian merlone, augmentative of merlo battlement, from Medieval Latin merulus, from Latin, merle 1) Part of a battlement, the square “sawtooth” between crenels. (Gies, Joseph and Francis. Life in a Medieval Castle, 226) 2) Solid part of embattled parapet between embrasures, sometimes pierced with slit. (Wood, Margaret. The English Medieval…

Nunney Castle

West of Frome in Somerset, England, lies the ruins of the medieval castle of Nunney. Founded by Sir John Delamere, the castle consists of a single courtyard surrounded by a water moat fed by a natural stream. Delamere supposedly funded the construction through ransom money obtained from the wars with France during the 14th century.…

Arundel Castle

Built by Roger de Montgomery on the site of an existing Saxon fortification, the castle of Arundel overlooks the River Arun in West Sussex. William the Conqueror granted Roger de Montgomery the land and charged him with the task of defending the southern coast of England from attack. The oldest part of the castle is…