The Holy Roman Empire and the seeds of the Third Reich

Everyone is familiar with Hitler and the Third Reich, but why was it called the Third Reich? What were the First and Second Reichs? We have to travel all the way back to the Middle Ages and the time of Charlemagne to find the seeds of what would eventually become the Third Reich under Hitler’s Read more about The Holy Roman Empire and the seeds of the Third Reich[…]

The truth behind medieval chivalry

From┬áKathleen McGarvey, University of Rochester: Our popular ideas of the chivalric world are off base, according to historian Richard Kaeuper. The gallant knights on horseback and banners unfurling before exciting tournaments largely come from people in the 19th century who saw the Middle Ages through a romantic haze. Chivalry was a violent, often grisly, phenomenon. Read more about The truth behind medieval chivalry[…]

Who were the Vikings?

From the Jorvik Viking Center. A collection of quick, historical articles detailing the lives of the Norsemen. Subjects cover: Who were the Vikings? Where did they come from? What did they look like? How did they live? What happened to them? Place names Timeline Excerpt from “Who were the Vikings?” Often the name Viking conjures Read more about Who were the Vikings?[…]

Vikings traded first, plundered later

From Live Science: The Viking Age may not have started with the plundering of England, but with the peaceful trading of handcrafted combs made out of reindeer antlers, a new study suggests. Until now, researchers thought the Viking Age began in June 793, when Norwegian Vikings raided Lindisfarne, an island off the northeast coast of Read more about Vikings traded first, plundered later[…]

Ghostly faces and invisible verse found in medieval King Arthur text

From Fox News: Ghostly faces and lines of verse previously invisible to the naked eye have been uncovered in the oldest surviving medieval manuscript written entirely in Welsh. “The Black Book of Carmarthen,” dating to 1250, contains texts from the ninth through 12th centuries, including some of the earliest references to Arthur and Merlin. Read Read more about Ghostly faces and invisible verse found in medieval King Arthur text[…]