The Anglo-Norman Rebellion

Fought between the armies of Henry II and rebellious factions in Normandy, Brittany and England, the Anglo-Norman rebellion takes only a brief page in the volumes of middle ages history. Lasting approximately two years, Henry II battled against his own sons to maintain control of his kingdom.

His eldest three sons, Henry and Richard (later the Lionheart) and Geoffrey — spurred on by their mother Eleanor of Aquitaine and King Philip II Augustus of France — revolted against Henry in the provinces of Brittany and Normandy. The king of Scotland, William the Lion, also saw this rebellion as an opportunity to ally himself with a group of disgruntled English barons, and he invaded England from the north.

Henry II, nonetheless, proved his skill as a brilliant military tactician. He defeated his sons across the channel and crushed the invasion from Scotland. The rebels pleaded for a royal pardon from Henry, and the king gave it to them. He granted subsidies to his sons, but little else, and he released William the Lion from prison on the condition that Scotland would become a vassal of England. William agreed and received his freedom.

Source:

Phillips, Charles, and Alan Axelrod. “Anglo-Norman Rebellion.” Encyclopedia of Wars, vol. 1. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2005. Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE49&iPin=EWAR0072&SingleRecord=True (accessed June 17, 2009).

Additional Reading:

Richard W. Barber, The Devil’s Crown: A History of Henry II and His Sons (Conshohocken, Pa.: Combined Books, 1977); Alison Weir, Eleanor of Aquitaine: By the Wrath of God, Queen of England (London: Jonathon Cape, 1999).

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My life has been pretty simple. I grew up in Alabama and graduated from the University of Alabama with a Bachelor's in Advertising. I have spent about the last ten years in web development. In 1998, a friend of mine and I started a web design company we ran for three or four years before deciding to close it due to the demands of school. Since then, I stayed in the web working with various companies in Alabama. I worked for a brief period with Southern Progress, namely with Southern Living magazine and Health magazine, in their web departments. While there, I also wrote for Southern Living magazine, Health.com., and the company's internal newsletter. I write as much as I can. For the last five years, I have been working on my first novel. I am on the third revision now and hope to be finished with this draft by the end of the year. I also write short fiction, though not as frequently as I used to due to the time I spend on the novel. My goal is to have my novel published in the next three years. Other interests include: History (particularly medieval and ancient civlizations), Reading, Foreign Language (I currently speak Spanish but plan to learn as many as I can), Landscape Photography, the outdoors, sports (especially college football), and Travel.

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